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Gynecology and Obstetrics

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

The exact causes of PCOS are not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and hormonal factors

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder affecting a woman's ovaries. Instead of releasing mature eggs during the menstrual cycle, a woman with PCOS may produce small fluid-filled follicles that often cluster on the ovaries.

These cysts, harmless in themselves, can lead to a range of health issues due to the hormonal imbalances they cause. Gynecology (ObGyn) is crucial in detecting and diagnosing this condition.

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS can manifest in various ways, and symptoms vary from one woman to another. Some of the most common symptoms include:

Menstrual irregularities

Women with PCOS often experience irregular or absent periods due to a lack of ovulation.


Refers to excessive hair growth in the face, chest, and back areas.

Persistent acne: PCOS can trigger acne outbreaks on the skin. Gynecologists can recommend specific treatments for this condition.

Fertility issues

Due to irregular ovulation, women with PCOS may have difficulty conceiving.

Weight gain

Many women with PCOS struggle with weight gain or difficulty losing weight. Guidance from a gynecologist can be beneficial in addressing this issue.

Insulin resistance

This can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes, so early attention is crucial to avoid complications.

Mood changes

Some women with PCOS may experience mood changes and symptoms of anxiety and depression. 

Comprehensive care from a Gynecologist is essential in these cases.

Why do we have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

The exact causes of PCOS are not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and hormonal factors. Some factors that may contribute to PCOS include:

  • Family history: Women with a family history of PCOS are at a higher risk of developing the condition.

  • Insulin resistance: Insulin resistance can play a role in developing PCOS, as it can increase insulin production, increasing the production of male hormones.

  • Hormonal imbalances: Women with PCOS often have higher levels of male hormones, such as testosterone, which can contribute to symptoms. Gynecologists have extensive knowledge in managing hormonal imbalances.

Treatment for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

The treatment of PCOS depends on the individual symptoms and the patient's goals. Some treatment options may include:

  • Lifestyle changes can include weight loss through diet and exercise to improve insulin resistance and regulate menstrual cycles.

  • Medications: Oral contraceptives and other medications can help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce symptoms such as acne and hirsutism, with gynecologists being the specialists in prescribing these treatments.

  • Assisted fertility: In case of fertility issues, assisted reproduction techniques such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization can be used in collaboration with reproductive ObGyn specialists.

  • Surgery: In severe cases or when other treatments have not been successful, surgery can be performed to remove ovarian cysts, generally carried out by a specialized ObGyn.

Should I see a doctor if I have symptoms of PCOS?

If you experience symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, it's essential to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis, preferably from a Gynecologist (ObGyn).

The ObGyn team and specialists at BlueNetHospitals are committed to providing the diagnosis, treatment, and support you need to address PCOS comprehensively. We understand the importance of a personalized approach to this condition and are here to help you.


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