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Neurology

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is made up of a group of diseases that cause continuous weakness and loss of muscle mass. Muscular dystrophy is affected as a result of abnormal genes that prevent the correct production of proteins from creating healthy muscles.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is made up of a group of diseases that cause continuous weakness and loss of muscle mass. Muscular dystrophy is affected as a result of abnormal genes that prevent the correct production of proteins from creating healthy muscles.

There are various types of muscular dystrophy. Some symptoms can appear in childhood; other types appear in adulthood. There is no cure for Muscular dystrophy. However, it can be controlled by treatments.

Causes of Muscular Dystrophy

Most cases of muscular dystrophy occur by inheritance. However, it can also happen when a mutation occurs spontaneously.

Symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy

We group the most common symptoms:

  • Drooling

  • Frequent falls

  • Continuous muscle weakness

  • Psychomotor retardation

  • Problems using one or more muscle groups

  • Fallen eyelid

  • Loss of muscle mass

  • Trouble walking

Risk factors of Muscular Dystrophy

The risk factors that increase the probability of suffering from Muscular Dystrophy are:

  • Age (children and youth)

  • Family background

Diagnosis of Muscular Dystrophy

The Neurologist will perform a medical history and a series of questions related to your condition and a physical exam.

The following tests may be applied to determine  muscular dystrophy:

  • Muscle biopsy examines a part of muscle tissue

  • Echocardiography shows a more detailed image than that seen on the x-ray

  • An electrocardiogram measures the rhythm of the heart

  • Electromyography assesses the state of the muscles and nerve cells that control them

  • Enzyme tests

  • Genetic testing

  • Control tests

Treatment of Muscular dystrophy

A disease like muscular dystrophy has no cure, however taking into account the recommendations and medication provided by your doctor, it is possible to control the disease, helping you to prolong the time to keep moving and helping you to have a better quality of life.

The most common treatments to treat muscular dystrophy are:

Living with muscular dystrophy

People with muscular dystrophy require lifelong medical assistance. The patient must follow all the instructions, treatment, and recommendations of his Neurologist.

People suffering from this disease require specific care; they must make review visits and follow up for more tests, procedures, and surgeries if necessary.

It is important to be informed about muscular dystrophy, attend support groups, or discuss your feelings with your family and friends.

When to go to a doctor?

If you present any of the symptoms or signs mentioned, consult your doctor. The Neurologist is the specialist in treating this type of disease, he will be in charge of making a review of the clinical history of the family history, neurological examinations, as well as a general physical examination.

At the time of consulting your Doctor, we recommend keeping a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.

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