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Gynecology and Obstetrics


Menopause is the time that denotes the end of your menstrual cycles. Be healthy and strong. Make Your Appointment Today.


In Menopause, the woman stops having menstrual cycles, which is a natural biological process. It is possible to diagnose it after twelve months have passed without having had a menstrual period. Menopause usually occurs around the ages of 40 and 50. 

However, the physical and emotional symptoms of Menopause can decrease energy, affect emotional health, among other things. There are effective treatments that women can take to improve their quality of life.


Menopause can be due to the following: 

  • Age, the wear and tear of reproductive hormones 

  • Hysterectomy, a procedure in which the uterus is removed, a total hysterectomy causes menopause immediately 

  • Chemotherapy and radiotherapy 

  • Primary or premature ovarian failure, early menopause occurs, when the ovaries do not produce normal levels of reproductive hormones


The following are some of the possible symptoms:

  • Suffocation 

  • Hair thinning 

  • Weight gain 

  • Sudden mood swings 

  • Shaking chills 

  • Irregularities in the menstrual period 

  • Loss of volume of the breasts 

  • Sleeping problems 

  • Dry skin 

  • Vaginal dryness 

  • Night sweats

Diagnosis of Menopause 

Usually, the signs and symptoms are enough for women to know that Menopause has started.

If you have questions about menstrual periods, see your OBGYN.

The Gynecologist may perform blood tests to check the levels of:

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen (estradiol), because the level of FSH increases and estradiol decreases in Menopause

  • Thyrotropin (TSH), an underactive thyroid, can cause symptoms similar to those of Menopause.

Treatment of Menopause 

Medication is not necessary to treat Menopause. However, the ObGyn can suggest treatments to alleviate symptoms and prevent chronic disorders that may arise with old age.

The following are the  most common treatments:

  • Hormone therapy, estrogen therapy

  • Vaginal estrogen

  • Low-dose antidepressants

  • Medicines

  • Gabapentin

  • Clonidine

  • Medications for the prevention of osteoporosis

  • Vitamin D supplements help strengthen bones

Living with Menopause 

Menopause is a stage with many physical changes and alterations in the mood of women. Some things to consider that could help improve the quality of life are: 

  • Eat healthily 

  • Get regular and continuous physical exercise 

  • Do not use drugs or alcohol 

  • Do not smoke 

  • Reduce your salt intake 

  • Sleep well 

  • Attend therapies (yoga, meditation, relaxation exercises)

When do you have to see a doctor?

Make your appointment with the ObGyn if you present any of the symptoms above or to detect another abnormal sign.

When consulting your ObGyn, please keep a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.