Hemorrhoids are inflamed veins in the anus and the lower part of the rectum; their appearance is similar to that of varicose veins.
Hemorrhoids can form inside the rectum or under the skin around the anus.
There are several factors that hemorrhoids can create; for every four adults, almost three will suffer from hemorrhoids.
There are several effective methods for treating hemorrhoids. Many people manage to control this condition through a healthy lifestyle and home treatments.
The veins around the anus tend to stretch due to pressure and can become inflamed. Hemorrhoids can be formed by increased pressure in the lower rectum, caused by:
Carry heavy things frequently
Eat a low-fiber diet
Making an effort when emptying the intestines
Sitting for a long time
Have chronic diarrhea or constipation
Having anal sex
The signs of hemorrhoids differ depending on the type of hemorrhoid.
External hemorrhoids, located under the skin around the anus:
Sore pain in the anal area
Swelling around the anus
Internal hemorrhoids, located inside the rectum:
Bleeding during bowel movements
Pain and irritation
Thrombosed hemorrhoids occur when blood accumulates in external hemorrhoids, forming a clot:
A hard lump near the anus
Age, as you get older, the probability of suffering from Hemorrhoids increases
Pregnancy, as the weight of the baby, puts pressure on the anal area
Diagnosis of Hemorrhoids
The Proctologist will perform a physical exam, check your abdomen, and ask questions about your symptoms, lifestyle, and medical history.
Following are some of the possible tests to perform:
Anoscopy, check the anal canal and rectum
A digital exam, a gloved finger, and lubrication will be inserted into the rectum to detect something unusual
Visual inspection, using an anoscope, proctoscope, or sigmoidoscope, the Proctologist will examine the lower part of the colon
A Colonoscopy may be done if the doctor notices any risk of colorectal cancer or if your signs and symptoms show that you may have another digestive system condition.
Treatment of Hemorrhoids
Following are some home remedies, in case the pain caused by the hemorrhoid is mild.
Eat foods high in fiber
Apply over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams, ointments
Take a soak in a tub of a sitz bath of warm water for 10-15 minutes two or three times a day
Take pain relievers by mouth
Hemorrhoid symptoms usually go away after a week. In case the symptoms persist, or you are bleeding, see your Proctologist.
Procedures for Thrombosed Hemorrhoids
The Proctologist can remove hemorrhoids, under local anesthesia, the procedure is usually more efficient if it is done within 72 hours after a clot has appeared.
In case the bleeding continues, and you have pain or discomfort, the Proctologist may use one of the following methods:
Elastic band ligation
Coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar)
In case the other methods described above have not been successful, your Proctologist may recommend one of the following:
Removal of hemorrhoids (hemorrhoidectomy)
¿When do you have to see a doctor?
Make your appointment with the Proctologist to present any of the mentioned symptoms or to detect another abnormal sign.
When consulting your Proctologist, try to keep a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.