Advanced General Surgery

Abdominal Hernia

An Abdominal Hernia is common; however, it is not necessarily a severe condition, but is necessary to be under treatment. Call us and make your appointment.

Abdominal Hernia

Abdominal Hernia is common; however, it is not necessarily a severe condition. It is necessary to be under treatment since an Abdominal Hernia does not go away on its own.

The General Surgeon may suggest the operation when the Abdominal Hernia causes pain or begins to grow.

An Abdominal Hernia appears when a part of an organ or tissue protrudes through a weakened area in the muscle wall around the abdomen. Sometimes the patient does not notice any symptoms; it can be discovered until a routine examination is performed. However, in most cases, patients see a hernia bulge that is more noticeable when standing or exerting some effort.

In the groin area, there are 2 types of hernias. (Inguinal and Femoral)

  • Inguinal: is the most frequent type of hernia, and men suffer from it the most. In general, this type of hernias occurs at birth and in children; however, they develop later with time. The inguinal canal is the weak area; in men, it is located where the spermatic cord leaves the abdomen and passes into the scrotum. In the case of women, the inguinal canal has a ligament that allows it to hold the uterus.

  • Femoral: this type of hernia is less common and generally affects older women more. This hernia is created along the canal that carries the main blood vessels to the thigh. A localized lump is usually made below the inguinal hernias.

It is essential to consult the General Surgeon so that he can evaluate the Abdominal Hernia.



An Abdominal Hernia occurs when the abdominal tissue is weakened, some of the causes are genetics, obesity, pregnancy, or after an increase in abdominal pressure.


The following are some of the possible symptoms:

  • Sudden groin pain 

  • Abdominal pain 

  • Sickness 

  • Vomiting


Risk factors 

  • Sex 

  • Age, as the muscles get weaker 

  • Family background 

  • Chronic Cough

  • Chronic Constipation causes more significant effort during bowel movements Pregnancy can weaken the abdominal muscles and create more pressure within your abdomen 

  • Premature birth and low birth weight


Diagnosis of Abdominal Hernia 

The General Surgeon will perform a physical exam, check your abdomen, ask questions related to your symptoms, lifestyle, and medical history. 

Following are some of the possible tests that the General Surgeon could perform: 


Treatment of Abdominal Hernia

In the cases with a small hernia and does not cause discomfort, the General Surgeon may recommend that you wait for a period and see its progress. In the cases of larger hernias that cause pain, the treatment is done through surgery. In surgery, the General Surgeon will push the organs, place them inside the abdomen, and close the opening with sutures.

When the abdomen's muscles are fragile, the General Surgeon can place a surgical mesh to maximize protection.

After the surgery, the patient will stay for one day more in the hospital; the General Surgeon will be able to control and review his symptoms until he is discharged.

Follow all the recommendations and measures provided by your General Surgeon.

Some things to consider that could help your speedy recovery are:

  • Take the medications to relieve pain and reduce inflammation prescribed by the General Surgeon

  • Do not make efforts like carrying heavy things

  • Attend regular visits with your General Surgeon


¿When do you have to see a doctor?

Make your appointment with the doctor in case of presenting any of the mentioned symptoms or in case of detecting another abnormal sign.

The General Surgeon is in charge of treating this type of disease; they will be in charge of making a diagnosis to identify the cause of the symptoms and identify the severity of the condition.

When consulting your General Surgeon, try to keep a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.