CausesA Heart Attack occurs when one or more coronary arteries become blocked. Over time, a concentration of fat deposits, including cholesterol, form substances called plaques, which can narrow the arteries (Atherosclerosis). This condition, called coronary artery disease, causes most Heart Attacks.
There are apparent symptoms of a Heart Attack that need urgent medical attention.
A feeling of pressure in the chest
Pain in the chest or arms that spreads to the neck, jaw, or back
Shortness of breath (Dyspnea)
Face seeming gray
Fullness, or a choking feeling (it may feel like Heartburn)
Weakness and fatigue
Fast or irregular heartbeat
Some factors contribute to the accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries (Atherosclerosis) that makes them narrow. These factors are:
Your doctor may order tests such as:
At the first symptoms of a Heart Attack, call emergencies. The best time to handle a Heart Attack is within 1 or 2 hours after symptoms start.
Every minute after a Heart Attack, more heart tissue deteriorates or dies. Restoring blood flow helps prevent damage to the heart. Here are some medications used to treat Heart Attacks:
Aspirin. Aspirin reduces blood clotting, maintaining to keep blood flowing through narrow arteries
Thrombolytics. These medications help dissolve blood clots that block blood flow to the heart
Other blood-thinning medications, such as heparin, make the blood less dense or "sticky" and reduce the chance of other clots forming
Beta-blockers. They help the heart muscle to relax, slowing down the heart rate and lowering blood pressure, making it easier for the heart to work
Statins. Help control cholesterol
This medications commonly used for a Heart Attack list is mentioned only as a reference and informative purposes. The treatment and medications for a Heart Attack should be only used by health professionals.
How to cope after a Heart Attack, and how to prevent it
It's never too late to take action and prevent a Heart Attack, even if you've had one before. Here are the ways it can be prevented:
Eating a healthful diet
Keeping a good sleep quality
Keeping Diabetes, Cholesterol and Blood Pressure under control
Maintaining a healthy weight
Avoiding or managing stress
The Cardiologist is the specialist doctor who will control this condition and give the appropriate recommendations to prevent Heart Attacks.
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