Book an appointment at BlueNetHOSPITALS Los Cabos easily via Whatsapp and save time.
General Medicine


If not adequately treated, bronchitis can lead to complications such as pneumonia.


Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi, the passages through which air enters and leaves the lungs. It can occur in two forms: acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis often follows a respiratory infection like a cold and lasts a few weeks. On the other hand, chronic bronchitis is a more severe and persistent form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterized by a constant cough producing mucus for at least three months a year for two consecutive years.

Symptoms of Bronchitis

If you have bronchitis, you may experience:

  • A persistent cough that may expel clear, white, yellow, or green mucus.

  • Feeling tired.

  • Wheezing or breathing noises.

  • Mild fever and chills.

  • Chest pain or a feeling of tightness.

These symptoms can be milder or more severe, depending on whether the bronchitis is acute or chronic.

Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis generally develops from a cold or another respiratory infection. It is common and usually short-lived.


  • Viruses mainly cause it, although bacteria can sometimes be responsible.

  • Exposure to irritants such as tobacco smoke, environmental pollution, or chemical vapors can also trigger acute bronchitis.


  • Cough that may produce mucus (which can be clear, white, yellow, or green).

  • Fatigue and general malaise.

  • Mild fever and chills.

  • Wheezing and difficulty breathing.


The symptoms of acute bronchitis usually last between 1 and 3 weeks.


Treatment focuses on symptom relief and may include pain relievers, humidifiers, and, in some cases, cough medicines. If a bacterial cause is suspected, antibiotics may be prescribed.

Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is a more severe form and is one of the types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It requires long-term management and is often caused by prolonged exposure to lung irritants.


  • Smoking is the most common cause of chronic bronchitis.

  • Prolonged exposure to irritants such as dust, chemical fumes, and pollutants is also a contributing factor.


  • Persistent cough with mucus most days of the month for at least three months a year and at least two consecutive years.

  • Fatigue and difficulty breathing, which worsen over time.

  • Frequent episodes of exacerbation, where symptoms significantly worsen.


Chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition requiring ongoing management.


  • Quitting smoking is crucial.

  • Bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids to relieve symptoms and improve lung function.

  • In some cases, oxygen therapy may be required.

While both acute and chronic bronchitis involve bronchi inflammation, their approach and treatment vary considerably. Acute bronchitis is typically a short-term condition that resolves with treatments focused on symptom relief and rest. In contrast, chronic bronchitis requires a more comprehensive and long-term approach, with significant lifestyle changes and often ongoing medication.

Understanding these differences is crucial for properly managing each type of bronchitis and improving the quality of life for affected patients.

Prevention of Bronchitis

To prevent bronchitis, we recommend:

  • Avoiding tobacco and staying away from places where smoking occurs.

  • Maintaining good hygiene practices, such as washing your hands frequently.

  • Use a face mask in areas with polluted air or irritants.

  • Strengthening your immune system with a healthy diet and regular exercise.


If not adequately treated, bronchitis can lead to complications such as pneumonia, significantly if another medical condition weakens you or your immune system is not at its best. In the case of chronic bronchitis, the greater risk is a reduction in lung capacity, which can significantly deteriorate quality of life.

Diagnosis of Bronchitis

To diagnose bronchitis, your doctor will assess your symptoms and may order a chest X-ray or perform lung function tests to rule out other diseases like pneumonia or asthma.

When Should You See a Doctor for Bronchitis?

We advise you to seek medical attention if your cough lasts more than three weeks, interferes with your sleep, or is accompanied by high fever, wheezing, or difficulty breathing.

If you are experiencing bronchitis symptoms or have concerns about your pulmonary health, don't hesitate to contact us at BlueNetHospitals. We offer personalized and specialized treatment to ensure you receive the care you need and deserve.


BlueNet Hospitals Blue Net Hospitals