Back surgery

Before, During and After Surgery

Back surgery

 An increasing number of cases of back injuries and fractures, poor posture, overstraining such as carrying heavy things, and the passage of damage are some of the causes of the back problem, which is more severe cases they come to require back surgery. 


Back surgery aims to repair structural damage in the affected patient. 


The most common types of back surgery are:

  • Discectomy, a procedure in which the damaged area of ​​the disc in the spine is removed 

  • Fusion allows to join two or more bones in the spine permanently

  • Laminectomy, allows to remove the bone that covers the spinal canal

  • Artificial disc implant


Before Back Surgery

The Neurosurgeon or Traumatologist will review the medical history, do a physical exam, imaging tests, and ask questions about your symptoms, lifestyle, and medical history.

It is recommended to have a second evaluation from a spine specialist before undergoing back surgery.

Back pain is a complex problem; it is necessary to have a team of health professionals in order to have a diagnosis and treatment that suits your problem.


During back surgery

The duration of surgery depends on the type of surgery. Before the intervention, anesthesia tests and a preoperative check-up will be carried out. Usually, the patient is admitted one day before his operation.

Some of the patients' restrictions are not to drink or eat any food twelve hours before surgery. 

Back surgery does not require special preparation. However, the patient must prepare to face the weeks of recovery. You may need support and help with some activities.


After back surgery

Following the treatment and recommendations provided by your Neurosurgeon or Traumatologist, could help you make good progress in your recovery.

Following are the most common recommendations:

  • Keep the wound clean

  • Remove the bandage when prompted by the surgeon

  • Take rest

  • Find a posture that doesn't bother you while you sleep

  • Take care and not to sit for more than 20 to 30 minutes in a row

  • Maintain a safe posture for your back

  • You may be recommended to wear some back support or a corset to help support your back

  • Take the anti-inflammatory medication prescribed by the doctor

  • Do not smoke or be exposed to tobacco smoke

  • Apply creams to relieve pain

  • Ask the surgeon when to take a bath and what steps to take


The Neurosurgeon or Traumatologist may recommend that you go to Physiotherapy to learn to move and perform activities that allow you to maintain a safe posture for your back.


Am I a candidate for this procedure?

The back surgery procedure will depend on the diagnosis and evaluation made by the Neurosurgery specialist. The Neurosurgeon or Traumatologist may recommend back surgery if the treatments and medications have not worked, and the pain continues.


When consulting your doctor, we recommend keeping a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.