An increasing number of cases of back injuries and fractures, poor posture, overstraining such as carrying heavy things, and the passage of damage are some of the causes of the back problem, which is more severe cases they come to require back surgery.
Back surgery aims to repair structural damage in the affected patient.
The most common types of back surgery are:
Discectomy, a procedure in which the damaged area of the disc in the spine is removed
Fusion allows to join two or more bones in the spine permanently
Laminectomy, allows to remove the bone that covers the spinal canal
Artificial disc implant
Before Back Surgery
It is recommended to have a second evaluation from a spine specialist before undergoing back surgery.
Back pain is a complex problem; it is necessary to have a team of health professionals in order to have a diagnosis and treatment that suits your problem.
During back surgery
The duration of surgery depends on the type of surgery. Before the intervention, anesthesia tests and a preoperative check-up will be carried out. Usually, the patient is admitted one day before his operation.
Some of the patients' restrictions are not to drink or eat any food twelve hours before surgery.
Back surgery does not require special preparation. However, the patient must prepare to face the weeks of recovery. You may need support and help with some activities.
After back surgery
Following are the most common recommendations:
Keep the wound clean
Remove the bandage when prompted by the surgeon
Find a posture that doesn't bother you while you sleep
Take care and not to sit for more than 20 to 30 minutes in a row
Maintain a safe posture for your back
You may be recommended to wear some back support or a corset to help support your back
Take the anti-inflammatory medication prescribed by the doctor
Do not smoke or be exposed to tobacco smoke
Apply creams to relieve pain
Ask the surgeon when to take a bath and what steps to take
Am I a candidate for this procedure?
The back surgery procedure will depend on the diagnosis and evaluation made by the Neurosurgery specialist. The Neurosurgeon or Traumatologist may recommend back surgery if the treatments and medications have not worked, and the pain continues.
When consulting your doctor, we recommend keeping a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.
Read here if Back Surgery is recommended to relieve your constant Back Pain