An ankle fracture happens when the bones in the foot are injured or broken. It can be caused by a car accident, misstep, fall or for example a slip.
Fractures can vary in severity, from small cracks in the bones to breakages that can pierce the skin.
Treatment may vary according to the location of the fracture and its severity. If it is a severe fracture, surgery may be required, in which screws, plates, or rods can require implanting into the injured bone so that the bones can remain in an ideal position during the recovery process.
Trouble when walking
Difficulty when lifting weight
Risk factors of Ankle Fracture
Practicing high-impact sports activities
Using inappropriate sports equipment or techniques
Increasing physical activity suddenly
Performing jobs where you have to lift heavy objects, such as construction
Having low bone density (osteoporosis), which can increase the risk of bone injury
During the physical exam, the Orthopedist or Traumatologist will check for pain when touching the ankle and the exact discomfort location. The doctor will likely move the foot in different directions and check the ankle's range of motion. If the pain allows, he will ask you to walk a few steps to observe and examine the ankle's position as you walk.
If symptoms indicate that it is a fracture, some of the following tests may be suggested:
Depending on the damage and severity of the fracture, the treatment will vary. Your doctor may prescribe over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Therapy with a physical therapist can be helpful once the bone heals, to improve mobility in the muscles, ligaments, and joints of the feet. In some cases, surgery is recommended, and the doctor may suggest using pins, plates, or screws to immobilize the bones and help them heal.
Reduction is a process doctors use to align the bones in the event of a displaced fracture. You may need to take a muscle relaxant or sedative before practicing it. The use of a cast is common, as the bones need to be immobilized to rejoin in the recovery process.
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