Brain Surgery, also known as Craniotomy, is used to treat surrounding structures and problems in the brain.
General or local anesthesia is usually applied, preventing you from feeling pain during the intervention. In general anesthesia, you will remain asleep, while in local, you will be awake. You will likely be given medicine to help you relax.
Before the brain surgery procedure
The Neurosurgeon will ask questions about your symptoms, lifestyle, medical history, and if you are taking any medications. Please advise the doctor if you are drinking heavily, more than 1 or 2 drinks per day, or you are pregnant.
The Neurosurgeon may perform various laboratory and imaging tests before undergoing brain surgery.
Follow all the instructions of your doctor, you must fast before Brain Surgery, don't eat or drink for 8 hours before the procedure.
During the Brain Surgery procedure
Brain Surgery is a procedure that is performed within the operating room of a hospital. The length of the surgery will depend on the cause of the problem.
The hair in the scalp area will be shaved
The Neurosurgeon will clean the area
The Neurosurgeon will cut through the scalp. The cut will be made where the problem is in the brain
The Neurosurgeon makes an opening in the skull and removes a piece called a bone flap
If feasible, the Neurosurgeon will make a smaller cut and insert an endoscope with a small camera. Brain Surgery will be done with instruments put through the endoscope. A CT SCAN or MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging can help the Neurosurgeon visualize the area until it reaches the indicated place in the brain.
During surgery, the Neurosurgeon can:
Remove an aneurysm to stop bleeding
Remove abnormal brain tissue
Remove a tumor or part of it for a biopsy
Draining blood or an infection
Release a nerve
Take a sample of brain tissue to detect diseases of the nervous system
The bone flap is usually replaced after surgery, using small metal plates, wires, or sutures. This is called a craniotomy.
If the surgery involved an infection, tumor, or the brain was inflamed, it is possible that the bone flap will not reposition there; This is called a craniotomy. In future surgery, the bone flap may be repositioned there.
After the procedure Brain Surgery
After Brain Surgery, you will be taken to a recovery room.
The Neurosurgeon will check that your brain is working correctly; it will probably need oxygen for a few days. You may need to stay in the hospital for 3 to 7 days.
¿Why do I need brain surgery?
The Neurosurgeon generally recommends this procedure to treat:
Damage to tissues covering the brain
Some brain diseases like Parkinson's disease
Weaknesses in the blood vessels
Intense facial pain or neuralgia
Infections in the brain
Inflammation of the brain (Hydrocephalus)
Bleeding in the brain
Read here if Back Surgery is recommended to relieve your constant Back Pain