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BlueNet SPECIALITIES
Emergency Medicine

Heatstroke

Did you know that a Heatstroke could be very dangerous?

Heatstroke

Heatstroke occurs when the body can no longer regulate its temperature, and it begins to rise. It usually happens after long exposure to high temperatures or after physical exertion in high temperatures.


It is more common in summer, when the body can exceed 40oC or 104oF


Heatstroke should be treated in the emergency room, as it can cause severe damage to muscles and vital organs.



Symptoms of heatstroke


The main sign of sunstroke or Heatstroke is a rise in body temperature (+ 40oC or 104oF)


Other symptoms are:

  • Fainting

  • Confusion

  • Difficulty speaking

  • Anxiety

  • Seizures

  • Tachycardia

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Sweating

  • Reddened skin

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Headache



Risk factor's


Anyone can get Heatstroke, but some factors increase the risk:

  • Age (children and adults over 65 years of age)

  • Playing sports or physical exertion in hot weather

  • Living in a cold area and suddenly undergoing a hot climate

  • Lack of ventilation, air conditioning or fan

  • Some chronic diseases (such as heart or lung)

  • Obesity



How can we prevent Heatstroke?


Heatstroke can be avoided by taking certain measures during times of intense heat:

  • Wear light clothing

  • Protect yourself against sunburn (using sunscreen)

  • Stay hydrated

  • Never stay or leave someone in a parked car (remember that the temperature inside the car increases 11oC or 20oF in just 10 minutes)

  • If you are not used to it, acclimatize little by little

  • Take extra precautions if you are in the risk group



How to recover from a Heatstroke?


If you think that you or someone is suffering from Heatstroke, the ideal is to go to the emergency room, meanwhile, place the person in a cool place and remove bulky or hot clothing and spray cool water on the neck, face, when professional help arrives.






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