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If untreated, gastritis can lead to severe complications, such as ulcers and stomach bleeding


Gastritis, a condition involving inflammation of the stomach lining, encompasses a range of diseases with various causes. From bacterial infections to excessive use of painkillers, numerous factors can trigger this condition. It can present acutely or chronically, with bacterial infection being one of the main culprits. Additionally, regular use of painkillers and excessive alcohol consumption can also contribute to the development of gastritis.

Symptoms of Gastritis

The symptoms of gastritis can vary, but some of the most common include:

  • Nausea or recurring stomach discomfort

  • Abdominal bloating

  • Abdominal pain

  • Vomiting

  • Indigestion

  • Burning sensation in the stomach between meals or at night

  • Hiccups

  • Loss of appetite

  • Vomiting blood or coffee-ground-like material

  • Black, tarry stools

It's important to note that gastritis doesn't always present with clear signs and symptoms, making medical attention from a Gastroenterologist crucial for diagnosis and treatment.

Causes of Gastritis

Gastritis can originate from various reasons, among which are:

  • Bacterial infection, especially by Helicobacter pylori.

  • Frequent use of painkillers, such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium.

  • At an advanced age, the stomach lining becomes thinner over time.

  • Excessive alcohol consumption.

  • Intense stress due to surgeries, injuries, burns, or severe infections.

  • Cancer treatments, like chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

  • Autoimmunity, where the body attacks its stomach cells.

Treatments for Gastritis

The treatment of gastritis depends on its cause, but the most common treatments are:

  • Using antacids and other drugs, such as proton pump inhibitors or H-2 blockers, to reduce stomach acidity.

  • Avoiding spicy and seasoned foods.

  • For gastritis caused by H. pylori, the doctor will prescribe a combination of antibiotics and an acid-blocking medication (used to treat heartburn).

  • For gastritis caused by pernicious anemia, vitamin B12 injections will be administered.

  • Eliminating irritating foods from the diet, such as lactose from dairy or gluten from wheat.

Complications You May Face

If untreated, gastritis can lead to severe complications, such as ulcers and stomach bleeding. In rare cases, certain types of chronic gastritis can increase the risk of stomach cancer, especially if there are changes in the cells of the lining.

When to See a Doctor

Almost everyone experiences occasional episodes of indigestion, but if the signs and symptoms of gastritis persist for a week or more, it's crucial to seek medical attention from a Gastroenterologist. Experiencing intense pain, uncontrollable vomiting, or noticing blood in vomit or stools are clear signs that should not be overlooked. At BlueNetHospitals, we are ready to provide you with immediate care from Gastroenterology specialists. Don't let the discomfort of gastritis affect your well-being. Schedule your appointment today, and let us provide you with effective treatment to take care of your health as soon as possible.



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