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Deep Vein Thrombosis

A Peripheral Vascular Surgeon is the specialist in Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a medical condition affecting a significant number of people worldwide. It is characterized by the formation of blood clots, known as thrombi, in the body's deep veins, usually in the legs.

These thrombi pose a significant risk as they can detach and travel to the lungs, causing a serious complication known as pulmonary embolism. Therefore, visiting a Peripheral Vascular Surgeon for a timely follow-up on DVT is crucial.

Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis

The symptoms of DVT can vary and often include:

  • Swelling of the lower limbs.

  • Painful sensations in the legs manifest as cramps or pain, usually starting in the calf area.

  • Changes in skin color on the leg, appearing in reddish or purplish tones, depending on skin pigmentation.

  • A feeling of warmth in the affected leg.

However, it is crucial to note that some individuals may not experience evident symptoms, underscoring the importance of medical vigilance, especially in those with risk factors.

Who Can Develop Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Some people are at a higher risk of developing DVT, with risk factors linked to deep vein thrombosis including the following:

  • Age: Over 60 increases the propensity for deep vein thrombosis, although this condition can manifest at any age.

  • Immobility: Sitting for long periods, such as during long car rides or flights, as well as prolonged rest due to hospitalizations or medical conditions like paralysis, raises the risk of deep vein thrombosis.

  • Injuries or Surgery: Vein injuries and surgical procedures increase the likelihood of blood clots developing.

  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy, the pressure in the pelvic veins and legs increases, raising the risk of blood clots, which can persist up to six weeks after childbirth, especially in people with hereditary clotting disorders.

  • Contraceptives and Hormonal Therapy: The use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy can increase blood clotting.

  • Overweight or Obesity: Excess weight contributes to increased pressure in the veins of the pelvis and legs, increasing the risk of deep vein thrombosis.

  • Smoking: Smoking affects clotting and blood flow, being an additional risk factor for deep vein thrombosis.

  • Cancer: Some types of cancer and their treatments can increase the propensity for blood clotting.

  • Heart Failure: This condition increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism due to poor functioning of the heart and lungs.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Crohn's disease or Ulcerative Colitis increases the predisposition to deep vein thrombosis.

  • Personal or Family History: A personal or family history of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism indicates a higher risk of suffering from this condition.

  • Genetics: Certain genetic alterations, like factor V Leiden, can make blood more prone to clotting, especially when combined with other risk factors.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

The diagnosis of DVT involves tests such as Doppler ultrasounds and venographies, which allow for visualizing clots in the veins. As for treatment, Peripheral Vascular Surgery emerges as a prominent option. This procedure aims to remove or dissolve clots, thus restoring normal blood flow and reducing the risk of complications.

When Should I See a Doctor for Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Seeking immediate medical attention is essential if experiencing Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) symptoms or if significant risk factors are present. Early detection and timely medical intervention are crucial to prevent serious complications associated with this condition.

At BlueNetHospitals, we specialize in the comprehensive treatment of DVT, offering advanced therapeutic options, such as Peripheral Vascular Surgery, to ensure the best possible outcome in managing this condition.


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