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Traumatology

Concussion

Concussion
A Concussion is a Traumatic Brain Injury that occurs when the head hits an object hard or a moving object hits the head. This commonly affects your brain function momentarily. It leads to severe headaches, loss of consciousness, or decreased alertness. Most of the time, the effects are temporary.

Concussions can occur when your head is violently shaking, after a car accident, sports accident, or during a fall.
 

Normal symptoms

  • Temporary loss of consciousness.
  • Confusion.
  • Dizziness or "seeing stars".
  • Headache.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Sensitivity to light or noise.
  • Balance problems.
  • Concentration and memory complaints.
  • Irritability.
  • Sensitivity to light or noise.
  • Sleep disturbances.
  • Disorders of taste and smell.
Normal symptoms
When to see a doctor

When to see a doctor

  • One pupil is larger than the other.
  • Weakness on one side.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Persistent nausea and vomiting.
  • Inability to recognize people or familiar places.
  • Loss of consciousness for more than 30 seconds.
  • Extreme changes in his or her behavior.
  • Changes in physical coordination, such as stumbling or clumsiness
  • Excessive sleepiness or inability to wake up.

How a Concussion is diagnosed

In the emergency room or with your Doctor, maybe you will need a physical examination, CT Scan or MRI, and maybe an Electroencephalogram.

 

Prevention

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Read these tips that may help you to minimize your risk of head injury include:
  • Use the right equipment when you practice sports.
  • Always use your seat belt in the car.
  • Be careful at home or office and avoid accidents.
  • Protect your children from falls.
  • Do exercises to have strength in your legs and improve balance.