Angiology is the medical specialty responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the circulatory system, an extensive network of 'pipes' whose mission is to get the blood, and with it the oxygen and nutrients to all the cells of our body and return it to the heart again.
The arteries carry blood from the heart to the cells of every corner of our body and the veins return it back to the heart, where a new cycle begins. We must not forget the lymphatic vessels, whose mission is something different, but in intimate relation with the arterial and venous systems.
All these "pipes" are living structures and their diseases have a direct impact on the organ to which the blood supply is carried and even in the whole organism. Myocardial infarction, cerebral embolism and pulmonary thromboembolism are some of the main causes of death and all of them are due to a vascular problem.
The most frequent diseases treated by Angiology are the varicose veins of the legs, a disease unique to humans, from the moment our ancestors decided to stand up and rely only on the lower extremities and one of the most frequent pathologies in our environment. It may be only a small cosmetic problem, but they can also involve serious complications: phlebitis, thrombosis, leg ulcers. pulmonary emboli, etc., that can be avoided with a timely treatment.
The arterial system is vital. Without sufficient blood supply, and with it oxygen and nutrients, no organ of our body can function properly, and if the irrigation of an organ suddenly fails, its cells die (infarction, necrosis, etc.). That is why Angiology takes an important relevance.
The arteries age especially quickly if they are subject to what we call vascular risk factors: tobacco, hypertension, cholesterol and diabetes (the most important, but there are more) damage the structure of the arterial wall, leading to perhaps more serious of our civilization: arteriosclerosis.
The atherosclerotic arteries are 'embozan', causing stenosis or occlusions with the consequent deficit of blood supply to the organs that irrigate (myocardial infarction in the heart, stroke and hemiplegia if it is the brain, ischemia and gangrene of extremities, being able to reach the loss of limb, etc.). But they can also progressively dilate causing aneurysms, which grow slowly and stealthily, asymptomatically, until they break, producing internal hemorrhage that is usually fatal.
The work of specialists in Angiology is the diagnosis and treatment of these pathologies once established, but the most important should be prevention. The diagnosis in early phases of the disease can prevent its progression.
A vascular exploration and an Eco-Doppler are usually enough to detect the disease, treat it in time and avoid serious complications. This should be a mandatory advice in patients of any age with varicose veins of all types and especially in elderly patients (older than 55 years) who have smoked and / or have hypertension and / or cholesterol and / or diabetes.
Finally, remember that Angiology is a medical-surgical specialty, so the treatments that are available are very extensive. The medication is a basic weapon against vascular risk factors. At BlueNet Hospitals we have multiple complementary treatments such as varicose sclerosis, pressure therapy and lymphatic drainage, vascular laser, etc.
And finally, the surgery, which can range from a small intervention of aesthetic varicose microsurgery, with local anesthesia and without admission, through minimally invasive techniques (endovascular surgery) to surgical interventions of high technical complexity and high risk, although with good results, because they are common techniques, which in any way we prefer to prevent.
Pathologies most frequently seen in Angiology:
· Varicose veins
· Aortic aneurysm
· Diabetic foot
· Intermittent claudication
· Vascular malformations
· Carotid stenosis
· Ulcers of the legs
Regarding the prediction of the development of family or hereditary vascular pathology, at BlueNet Hospitals we offer a global vascular review with a medical visit completed with non-aggressive and painless diagnostic techniques to obtain the most appropriate medical advice.