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Orthopedics and Traumatology

Differences between Sprains, Strains, and Fractures

Sprains, Strains, and Fractures are injuries that happen to our musculoskeletal system. They could be caused by falls, accidents, sports injuries, or even just for moving wrongly.

Differences between Sprains, Strains, and Fractures
Sprains, Strains, and Fractures are injuries that happen to our musculoskeletal system. They could be caused by falls, accidents, sports injuries, or even just for moving wrongly.

Strains

A strain is the torsion or stretching of a ligament. It can be severe (caused by traumatic stretching) or chronic (caused by repetitive movement). Bumps, falls, or sudden movements can cause a sprain.


Symptoms

  • Pain

  • Muscle weakness

  • Bruising

  • Cramping


Sprains

A Sprain is a tearing of ligaments that connect two bones with your joints. Initial treatment could include rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Most of the Sprains could be treated at home, but severe Sprains could require Surgery to repair ripped ligaments.


Symptoms

  • Moderate to Severe Pain

  • Bruising

  • Limited movement

  • Muscle spasm and weakness

  • Cramping

  • Difficulty with walking


Fractures

The fracture is generated by an excess of effort on the bone. The most common fractures in sports are:

  • Fall fractures

  • Stress fractures (occur in a bone as a result of repetitively exaggerated muscle activity.)


Symptoms

  • Pain 

  • Swelling 

  • Bruising 

  • Painful motion

  • Deformity


If you suspect that you may have a Fracture, you should need to go to Emergencies. Some Fractures could cause damage to your muscles, tendons, arteries, and veins. 


Risk factors

  • Inappropriate equipment

  • Fatigue

  • Environmental conditions, slippery or uneven areas

  • Falls

  • Accident

  • Age, as the person ages, the bones become weaker

  • Not using the appropriate equipment, in case of practicing any sport

  • Do not exercise

  • Overweight


Diagnosis

The Orthopedist or Traumatologist will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your symptoms, lifestyle, and medical history.

We group some of the possible tests they could perform to detect the severity of the injury:


Treatment

  • RICE “rest, ice, compression, elevation.”

  • Prescriptions

  • Physical therapy

  • In a few cases, Surgery.


Prevention

It is not possible to predict an injury, but you can try to avoid it:

  • Maintain a good weight.

  • Build muscle strength.

  • Do daily stretching workouts.

  • Choose the right shoes and proper equipment for particular activities and sports.

  • Eat a healthy and complete diet that includes Calcium and Vitamin D.

  • Warm-up before any sports activity and cool-down after your activities.


¿When do you have to see a doctor?


If you suffered a severe blow, an injury with severe pain that prevents normal movement of some of your limbs, the ideal is to go to the emergency room. You can go directly to the BlueNetHospitals Emergency Room in Los Cabos or call an ambulance at 624 1043 911.


If presenting any of the symptoms mentioned above with injuries and pain that do not improve, it is best to go to an Orthopedist or Traumatologist.


When consulting your Orthopedist or Traumatologist, try to keep a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.



BlueNetHospitals - Hospital Los Cabos 
BlueNet Hospitals